Columbus first saw activity in the area in 1865 when a quartz mill was opened at what was considered a prefect location, due to the proximity with adequate water. In 1871 borax was discovered and developed by William Troop. Columbus peaked in 1875 when the site boast about 1,000 people, a newspaper “The Borax Miner”, post office, and businesses to support the population. As with many such mining towns, the end came quickly when borax mining ceased in 1881.
Blair, Nevada is a ghost town and mine site located in Esmerelda County. The town site is located a few miles north of Silver Peak, Nevada and about 19 miles west of SR 95. The town was founded in September of 1906 when speculators flourished and mill owners imposed harsh mill prices in the town of Silver Peark. The Pittsburgh Silver Peak Mining Company founded a site just a few miles north of Silver Peak which was then named Blair. Blair boasted the a 100-stamp stamp mill which was the largest in Nevada at the time.