Columbus first saw activity in the area in 1865 when a quartz mill was opened at what was considered a prefect location, due to the proximity with adequate water.  In 1871 borax was discovered and developed by William Troop.  Columbus peaked in 1875 when the site boast about 1,000 people, a newspaper “The Borax Miner”, post office, and businesses to support the population.  As with many such mining towns, the end came quickly when borax mining ceased in 1881.